By the time most people reach 18 years old they have a total of 32 teeth, with 16 on top and 16 on bottom. However, the average adult mouth can comfortably hold just 28 teeth. By the time the last 4 molars (wisdom teeth) should be in, there may simply be no room for them. Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to develop and can often become impacted or grow sideways, causing many oral health problems. In many cases, wisdom teeth do not erupt properly and may come in sideways or may even remain trapped beneath the gum line. Partially erupted wisdom teeth can cause issues if the opening around the teeth allows bacteria to get in and create infection. Other complications can include tumors or cysts, destruction of the jawbone, and damage to surrounding teeth. When this happens, the best course of action is often wisdom tooth removal. Ottawa’s oral surgeons at Oral Surgery on Merivale are here to help with wisdom teeth removal and other oral health issues.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth
When a wisdom tooth fails to erupt through the surface of the gums, this is referred to as an impacted tooth. Beneath the gums, the wisdom tooth can grow sideways and put pressure on your other teeth. Sometimes part of a wisdom tooth may rise above the gum while part remains beneath the gum line. In some cases, the wisdom tooth may still be encased in the jawbone, which is called bony impaction. When wisdom teeth are impacted, there may not always be symptoms. If you do experience symptoms, it may be because the gum on top of the tooth has become infected or swollen. Symptoms may include pain, bad breath, headache, jaw ache, bleeding and swollen gums, swelling around the jaw, and a bad taste when eating.
Regular dental appointments can identify impacted wisdom teeth before they begin to cause problems, which is why it is important to see your dentist on a regular basis. If impacted wisdom teeth are seen on an x-ray, your dentist will likely recommend wisdom tooth extraction in Ottawa.
Tooth eruption refers to the process of teeth entering the mouth and becoming visible from beneath the gums. There are many reasons for removal of erupted teeth: to make space needed for braces (orthodontics), dental decay that cannot be restored, failed root canal, gum disease, and infection.
Removed or Retained Roots
When a dentist removes a tooth, the roots are removed as well. If the crown loss is caused by an injury or through decay, the roots may be retained within the jawbone and gums. These retained roots can cause a range of problems like infections and pain. Root removal surgery is often needed to avoid these types of problems. The surgery can range in complexity from a simple extraction with a general anesthetic to a more lengthy procedure done under sedation, depending on your situation.
For removal of teeth procedures such as wisdom tooth extraction surgery, Ottawa’s Oral Surgery on Merivale is here to help. Give us a call today to learn more!